Various eye diseases are becoming more common nowadays. Vision problems affect people of different ages. One of the common ophthalmic ailments is ocular hypertension. This problem is characterized by an increase in eye pressure to levels exceeding 27 mm. Most often, this problem is encountered by older ones, and sometimes people belong to the middle age category.
Symptoms of Ocular Hypertension
The word ocular hypertension is a severe chronic disease of the eye, which is characterized by a periodic or systematic rise in intraocular pressure (IOP), which occurs due to increase in the level of aqueous humour in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. As per studies done, it is very difficult to know the exact causes of the development of the disease so far failed in any of the cases. It should be emphasized that this type of disorder, as it appears from nowhere, is often able to disappear without a trace.
High pressure in your eye, also known as Glaucoma, can lead to pain from pressure in your eye and then can eventually harm your eyesight.
In most cases, increased intraocular pressure is a cause for concern for people with ocular hypertension, here are few factors mentioned below that determines the development of glaucoma:
- The pressure inside the eye is higher than 21 mm is measured in one or both eyes at two or more visit to the ophthalmologist. The pressure inside the eye is measured by using an instrument known as a tonometer.
- To determine other possibilities of ocular hypertension, an eye specialist evaluates whether your drainage system called the “angle”; is open or closed. The angle is analysed using a technique known as gonioscopy. This method involves using tonometer to check the drainage angles in your eyes to observe if they are wide open, narrowed or closed.
- There are no symptoms of any eye disease. Some eye diseases can increase pressure inside the eye.
As mentioned above, increased intraocular pressure may be the result of other eye diseases. However, this document, ocular hypertension mainly refers to an increase in intraocular pressure without any damage to the optic nerve or loss of vision. Glaucoma at the first stage of occurrence is very difficult to detect since it does not show its obvious signs. Patients may experience blurred vision after physical exertion, heaviness and fatigue in the eyes, headaches and excessive moisture on the eyeball.
Studies on Ocular Hypertension
As of 2013, an estimated 2.2 million people in the United States had glaucoma, and more than 120 thousand people are officially declared they have lost their vision due to this disease. This analytical data indicates to identify and seriously take care of people who are developing symptoms of glaucoma, especially with ocular hypertension.
Studies show that in the United States alone, 3–6 million people, including 4–10% of the population over 40, have an intraocular pressure of 21 mmHg or higher, with no visible signs of glaucomatous damage using current tests.
Studies over the past 20 years have helped characterize people with ocular hypertension. Recent data on people with ocular hypertension from a study of the treatment of ocular hypertension have shown that on average, they estimate the risk of developing glaucoma over 5 years by an average of 10%. This risk can be reduced to 5% (a 50% reduction in risk) if the eye pressure is reduced with medication or laser surgery. However, the risk maybe even less than 1% per year due to significantly improved methods for detecting glaucomatous damage. These studies may allow the treatment to start much earlier before the loss of vision loss. Future research will help further assess this risk for developing glaucoma. People suffer from eye hypertension 10 to 15 times more often than common open-angle glaucoma, a common form of glaucoma.
Treatment of Ocular Hypertension
Researchers suggest that glaucoma patients being treated with bimatoprost who experienced Inter ocular pressure elevation during therapy may benefit from switching to 0.01% bimatoprost. Careprost eye drop contains bimatoprost ophthalmic solution as an active ingredient approved by an FDA to treat Glaucoma or IOP (interocular pressure) condition. It is prescribed for open eye glaucoma and to lower hypertension in the eyes. This eye drop can help you keep your sight by lowering the pressure in your eye and stopping eye pain. You can buy careprost online from reputed online pharmacy at an affordable price.